AKA: Olive Oil
A famous olive oil widely used in skincare as an emollient and occlusive moisturizer. It contains mainly unsaturated fatty acids, antioxidant flavonoids, and oleuropeins. Olive oil is listed as a common comedogenic ingredient by acne.org.
Olea Europaea Fruit Oil, better known as olive oil, hails from the fruits of the Olea Europaea tree, a species native to the Mediterranean region. Olive trees have been grown in the Middle East and the Mediterranean for centuries and are among some of the oldest trees in the world (estimated up to 4000 years old).
Olive oil is a significant component of the Mediterranean diet and is renowned for its health benefits. It has cemented its reputation as a health-promoting elixir.
Olea Europaea Fruit Oil is a typical vegetable oil and contains mainly unsaturated fatty acids (primarily oleic acid). Flavonoids, oleuropein, vitamins E and K and tyrosol esters are the antioxidant compounds that give it its characteristic pungent smell and slightly bitter taste. These compounds are allegedly responsible for the health benefits that are thought to be received from consuming olive oil: cardiovascular health, blood cholesterol levels, and general benefits against lifestyle diseases.
Beyond the culinary realm, olive oil has a rich past in skincare that dates back to antiquity. Ancient civilizations, including the Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians, integrated olive oil into their beauty regimens, initially utilizing it as a form of soap for cleansing. As they became more acquainted with its properties, they discovered its moisturizing benefits and began to use it to nourish and hydrate the skin.
The benefits of Olea Europaea Fruit Oil in skincare are extensive. Here are some of the key ones:
Moisturizing (Occlusive): Olive oil possesses occlusive properties, creating a physical barrier on the skin that prevents water loss. This characteristic is particularly beneficial for individuals with dry skin. By mitigating trans-epidermal water loss, olive oil aids in preserving skin hydration and integrity. This, in turn, can contribute to the alleviation of dryness-related symptoms, such as flakiness and roughness.
Antioxidant: Olive oil is rich in antioxidants, chiefly vitamin E and various phenolic compounds. These substances counteract the harmful effects of free radicals, unstable molecules that induce oxidative stress and can accelerate the skin aging process.
Emollient: The fatty acids in olive oil, particularly oleic acid, confer emollient benefits. Emollients work by filling the spaces between skin cells, creating a smoother, softer surface. Consequently, olive oil can improve the texture of the skin and impart a healthy glow.
Olea Europaea Fruit Oil also plays a significant role as a solvent in skincare formulations. A solvent is a substance that can dissolve other substances, allowing them to mix together.
In the case of olive oil, it excels at dissolving oil-soluble ingredients, helping to deliver the beneficial substances into the skin.
In addition to this, olive oil's solvent properties also contribute to the texture and consistency of skincare products. By helping to blend ingredients smoothly, olive oil can improve the feel of the product on the skin, making it more pleasant to apply. Thus, the role of olive oil as a solvent is integral to both the function and the sensory experience of skincare formulations.
Olea Europaea Fruit Oil is generally regarded as safe for topical use.
However, it is mildly comedogenic, which means it has the potential to block pores and may not be suitable for those with oily or acne-prone skin. The extent to which an ingredient may be comedogenic can differ among individuals and is influenced by the amount used in a formulation, as well as the overall composition of the product.