Betaine

An ingredient derived from the sucrose in sugar beets. It has a negative chemical charge and a positive chemical charge on the same molecule. This allows betaine to be hygroscopic or humectant and thus provide moisturization by drawing water to the skin.
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Origin
Betaine

Overview

Betaine is a naturally derived ingredient that originates from the sucrose in sugar beets.

This ingredient is known as an amphoteric surfactant, which means it has both a negative chemical charge and a positive chemical charge on the same molecule. This chemistry is important because it allows the ingredient to be hygroscopic, or to have a strong affinity for water.

Having a strong affinity for water means that betaine is a humectant and provides moisturization by drawing in water to the skin. In its pure form, this ingredient is a white crystalline powder that also has viscosity controlling capabilities when added to water-based systems.